Effective Pricing Cues

Pricing Cues Pricing cues should be planned, implemented and measured, to track their success. Long term organizational perspective should be uppermost while deciding on these cues. Customers do not have an accurate sense of prices of the items they are buying. And surprisingly most customers do not make any big effort to know the true … Read more

Consumption and Pricing

Consumption and Pricing Consumption of the offering is important to retain customers and to generate positive word of mouth about satisfaction. Pricing methods must be adjusted accordingly. If a customer pays regularly for the service he is using, he is steadily reminded of the cost, he is incurring and is more likely to use the … Read more

Factors Affecting Customer’s Price Sensitivity

Price Sensitivity Companies can reduce price sensitivity of customers and have more scope for moneuvring their Pricing strategies. Price sensitivity of customers will determine the latitude that a company will have in increasing its price. A company should know the price sensitivity of its customers and the factors affecting it. In certain situations a company … Read more

Types of Innovations

Defining Innovations Innovations may be looked at from various perspectives. The following classification presents the perspectives of the customer and the target market. Innovation from Customer’s Perspective Innovation can be of 3 types, on the basis of extent of change they cause in consumer’s existing habits. – Discontinuous innovations, Dynamically continuous innovations and Continuous innovations. … Read more

How To Analyze Your Competitor (Competitor Analysis)

Competitor Analysis Competition refers to rivalry among various firms operating in a particular market that satisfy the same customer needs. The industry structure affects long run profitability. Therefore, competitors should be understood and monitored. Their actions can spoil an otherwise attractive industry, their weaknesses can be a target for exploitation and their response to a … Read more

Factors Influencing Pricing Decisions

Factors Influencing Pricing Decisions Price-quality Relationship Customers use price as an indicator of quality particularly for products where objective measurement of quality is not possible, such as drinks and perfumes. Price strongly influences quality perceptions of such products. If a product is priced higher, the instinctive judgement of the customer is that the quality of … Read more

Different Types of Markets

What is a Market – Definition and Different Types of Markets An exchange takes place in a market. A market comprises a group of buyers and sellers, who can interact with each other to buy and sell goods and services. They can interact with each other with or without physical contact. The transaction can be … Read more

Types of Distribution Channels

Types of Distribution Channels Industrial channels tend to be shorter than consumer channels because of small number of ultimate customers, the greater geographical concentration of industrial customers, and greater complexity of the product which require close manufacturer-customer liaison. Consumer channels are normally longer because a large number of geographically dispersed customers have to be reached. … Read more

Primary Responsibilities of a Salesperson

Sales Responsibilities The primary responsibility of a salesperson is to increase sales. For order getters this will involve identification of customers, presentation, demonstration, handling objections and closing the sale. In order to generate sales, six enabling functions should be carried out. Prospecting Prospecting is searching for and calling upon potential customers. Most sales person rely … Read more

Understanding Marketing and Core Concepts of Marketing

What is Marketing Marketing is an organizational function and a set of processes for creating, communicating and delivering value to customers and for managing customer relationships in ways that benefit the organization and its shareholders.  It is also the process of finding, creating and retaining profitable customers. The aim of marketing is to know and … Read more

4P’s of Marketing Mix

Marketing Mix The marketing mix is a particular combination of the product, its price, the methods to promote it, and the ways to make the product available to the customer. Based on its understanding of customers, a company develops its marketing mix of product, price, place, and promotion. The elements of the marketing mix are … Read more

Major Sales Promotion Techniques

Major Sales Promotion Techniques Companies use various sales promotion techniques to promote their products. The intention is to increase sales, make a large customer base, encourage trial, encourage repeat purchases to stimulate consumers’ purchase. The types of sales promotion techniques used by the company depend upon the sales promotion objectives set by the company. Consumer … Read more

Types of Salespersons

Types of Salespersons The selling tasks are to win new businesses by identifying and selling to prospects. These salespersons should maintain good relations with current customers who can provide the leads. They should also be prepared to make a lot of cold calls and visits. Order Takers Order takers are not expected to persuade customers … Read more

Challenges in Personal Selling

Challenges in Personal Selling Personal selling involves face-to-face contact with a customer. There is direct interaction between the buyer and the seller. In this two-way communication, the seller can identify the specific needs and problems of the buyer and tailor the sales presentation in light of this knowledge. But the audience  with the customer should … Read more

Sales Promotion Objectives

Sales Promotion Objectives The most basic objective of any sales promotion is to provide extra value that encourages purchase. When it is targeted at consumers, the intention is to stimulate consumers’ purchase. When the trade is targeted, the objective is to induce distributors to push the product. Sales Promotion Objectives are as follows: 1. Fast … Read more