Job Design – Meaning, Steps, and its Benefits

Job Design – Meaning, Steps, and its Benefits Also known as a task or “Job Design is a function of the human resource department of any organization in ensuring that all rules of every job are detailed clearly”. Besides, to satisfy every employee of the organization in terms of job allocation. This process is done … Read more

Factors and Employees Role in Organization Culture

What is Organization Culture? Every corporation has a way it does things, its own values, beliefs, etc. in management terms this is called organizational culture. Organization culture defines the employee’s beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors. It outlines what is rejected, accepted, discouraged and encouraged in a company. An organization can have either a strong or weak … Read more

Strategic Management – Meaning, Features and Important Concepts

What is Strategic Management? Every business strategize. It is an essential management process to strategize and prepare for different odds. Strategy in the simple sense of the word is a plan designed to achieve an objective and planning as we all know is the primary function of management that lays down the base for the … Read more

Committee Organizational Structure. 9 Advantages and Disadvantages of Committees

Committee Organizational Structure A Committee or a task force is the most important form of a formal group appointed by the management to perform certain functions or tasks. Committees and task forces have become more and more necessary and important, as the organization grows larger and more complex. Because of collective information and analysis, committees … Read more

Types of Organizational Structures

Types of Organizational Structures An organizational structure defines how jobs and tasks are formally divided, grouped and coordinated. The type of organizational structure would depend upon the type of organization itself and its philosophy of operations. Basically the structure can be mechanistic or organic in nature or a combination of thereof. However, most organizational structures … Read more

Span of Management

Span of Management or Span of Control Span of management, also known as ‘span of control’, refers to the number of people a manager directly manages. In a wider span of control, a manager has many subordinates who report to him. In a narrow span of control, a manger has fewer subordinates under him. In … Read more

Advantages and Disadvantages of Bureaucracy

Bureaucracy Max Weber, a German social scientist, analyzed the formation and administration of enterprises. The main features of this approach are as follows: 1. Division of Work: There is division of work on basis of specialization of jobs in bureaucratic organizations. Each employee performs his specialized work in a predictable manner. 2. Rules and Regulations: … Read more

Guidelines for Effective Organization

Guidelines for Effective Organization There are some established guidelines that are common to all organizations that are structured in a classical form. The classical form means a bureaucratic structure where there is a hierarchy of power and responsibility and the directions primarily flow from the top management to the lower levels of workers through its … Read more

Centralization and Decentralization

Centralization and Decentralization Considerable debate has taken place over the years over the issue of ‘centralization’ that means that the authority for most decisions is concentrated at the top of the managerial hierarchy versus ‘decentralization’ that requires such authority to be dispersed by extension and delegation throughout all levels of management. There are advantages as … Read more

4 Major Types of Information Systems

Major Types of Information Systems A typical organization has six information systems with each supporting a specific organizational level. These systems include transaction processing systems (TPS) at the operational level, office automation systems (OAS) and knowledge work systems (KWS) at the knowledge level, management information systems (MIS) and decision support Systems (DSS) at the management … Read more

Understanding Organizational Culture

What is an Organization? According to Weber, an organization is “A social membership which limits or closes admissions of outsiders by rules… far as its order is enforced by the action of specific individuals.” An organization provides a common platform where individuals from different backgrounds come together to perform various tasks and activities to achieve … Read more

Features of Organizations

Definition of Organization Organizations are considered to be type of social phenomenon, which is considered from other forms and its people. In management literature, the term ‘Organization‘ refers to both, a process of management as well as an outcome of process, that is, a structure. Bernard (1938) defined organization as , “A system of consciously … Read more